Benzo Addiction Signs, Symptoms & Effects

Understanding the signs, symptoms, and possible effects of benzodiazepine addiction can be an important first step on the path toward successful long-term recovery. Sierra by the Sea in Newport Beach, California, is proud to be a source of accurate and relevant information about the impact of benzodiazepine addiction.

Understanding Benzodiazepine Addiction

Learn about benzodiazepine addiction

Benzodiazepines, which are commonly referred to as benzos, are medications that are frequently prescribed to treat anxiety and insomnia. Doctors also prescribe benzos to minimize symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, reduce seizures, and relax muscles.

Benzos work by suppressing the central nervous system, which helps the user feel more focused, calm, and relaxed. They can also allow a person to experience deeper sleep. Many people who abuse benzos do so because of the euphoric feeling it can help them experience.

Some commonly prescribed benzos include Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, and Valium. When used as directed, benzos can be very beneficial. When misused, they can produce a number of dangerous side effects, including addiction.

Once you become addicted to benzos, it can be difficult to control the symptoms on your own. Due to the chronic nature of addictions, they generally don’t go away without clinical intervention. The right type and level of professional care, however, can help you treat any addiction and allow you to experience successful long-term recovery.

Statistics

Statistics about benzodiazepine use and addiction

The National Institute of Health (NIH) and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) report the following statistics about benzodiazepine use and addiction in the United States:

Causes & Risk Factors for Benzodiazepine Addiction

Potential causes of benzodiazepine addiction

Your risk for developing an addiction to benzos can be influenced by a variety of factors, including the following:

  • Family history of substance use or addiction
  • Having a mental health disorder
  • Being prescribed benzos at an early age
  • Being impulsive
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Being female

Associating with people who abuse alcohol or drugs

Signs & Symptoms of Benzodiazepine Addiction

Symptoms of benzodiazepine addiction

When used as directed, benzos can help you feel more confident, less anxious, and less stressed. But abusing benzos can lead to a variety of unsettling experiences. The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms that may indicate that a person is struggling with an addiction to benzos:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Social isolation
  • Neglecting responsibilities
  • Losing interest in hobbies or other social activities
  • Trying to steal benzos that have been prescribed to another person
  • Visiting multiple doctors in hopes of illicitly acquiring benzo prescriptions

Physical symptoms:

  • Drowsiness
  • Poor coordination or imbalance
  • Rapid, involuntary eye movement

Mental symptoms:

  • Memory problems
  • Euphoria
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Trouble paying attention

Effects of Benzodiazepine Addiction

The negative impact of benzodiazepine addiction

Abusing benzos can have a serious negative impact on a person’s life. If you or someone you care about is struggling with an addiction to benzos, it’s critical to seek help as soon as possible. Common effects of benzodiazepine addiction include:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Strained or ruined personal relationships
  • Poor performance at work or in school
  • Overall decline in physical health
  • Onset or worsening of mental health concerns
  • Legal problems
  • Financial strain
  • Other forms of substance use
  • Social withdrawal
  • Suicidal thoughts and ideation
  • Anxiety and depression

These effects are not inevitable. By seeking effective professional care for an addiction to benzos, you can reduce the risk of experiencing the damaging impacts listed above. Getting help for benzodiazepine addiction can allow you or your loved one to start healing from any past pain and prevent any further negative outcomes.

Co-Occurring Disorders

Common co-occurring disorders among people who are addicted to benzodiazepines

Those who struggle with an addiction to benzos may have an increased risk for developing the following co-occurring mental health disorders:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Other substance use disorders

Effects of Benzodiazepine Withdrawal & Overdose

Withdrawing from benzodiazepines and the risk of overdose

Effects of withdrawal: If you become addicted to benzos, your body adapts to the presence of the substance. By attempting to end your use of benzos, your body could respond with a number of distressing symptoms, known as withdrawal. The following are some of the most common symptoms of withdrawal from benzos:

  • Insomnia
  • Vomiting
  • Brief hallucinations
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Hand tremors
  • Increased pulse rate

Effects of overdose: Overdosing on benzos can have fatal consequences. If someone you know has been using benzos and shows any of the following effects, it’s critical that you seek immediate medical attention:

  • Sedation
  • Muscle weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of coordination
  • Extreme dizziness
  • Slow, weak breaths

Don’t wait if you see anyone experiencing signs of an overdose. Make sure that you help them get medical attention as soon as possible.

Recovery is fueled by hope and courage and an exploration of the underlying factors such as trauma. Our treatment driven by compassionate and trauma-informed care provides the foundation of recovery and healing.

– Valerie M. Kading, DNP, MBA, MSN, PMHNP-BC, Chief Executive Officer
Marks of Quality Care
These accreditations are an official recognition of our dedication to providing treatment that exceeds the standards and best practices of quality care.
  • American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
  • California Consortium of Addiction Programs and Professionals (CCAPP)
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)